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Title: Concentration of rare earth elements (Sc, y, la, ce, nd, sm) in bauxite residue (red mud) obtained by water and alkali leaching of bauxite sintering dust
Authors: Chaikin, L.
Shoppert, A.
Valeev, D.
Loginova, I.
Napol’skikh, J.
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: MDPI AG
Citation: Concentration of rare earth elements (Sc, y, la, ce, nd, sm) in bauxite residue (red mud) obtained by water and alkali leaching of bauxite sintering dust / L. Chaikin, A. Shoppert, D. Valeev, I. Loginova, et al. . — DOI 10.3390/min10060500 // Minerals. — 2020. — Vol. 6. — Iss. 10. — 500.
Abstract: One of the potential sources of rare-earth elements (REE) is the industrial waste known as red mud (bauxite residue), in which the majority of REE from the initial bauxite are concentrated via the Bayer process. Therefore, the studies of the subject, both in Russia and outside, focus almost exclusively on red mud processing. This article looks into the possibility of REE concentration into red mud by leaching an intermediate product of the bauxite sintering process at Russian alumina refineries, namely electrostatic precipitator (ESP) dust. The experimental works were performed by X-ray diffraction (XRD)and electron probe microanalysis (EPMA) of the sinter and sinter dust. The determination of major and rare-earth elements in the sinter from the rotary kilns and in the ESP dust before and after leaching was carried out by X-ray fluorescence (XRF) and plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The study showed that it is possible to obtain red mud that contains three times more REE than traditional waste red mud after two-stage leaching ESP dust in the water at 95◦ C followed by leaching in an alkaline-aluminate liquor at 240◦ C. The shrinking core model was used to study the kinetics of leaching of the original ESP dust and water-treated dust in alkaline-aluminate liquor. The study showed the change in the limiting stage of the alkaline leaching process after water treatment, with the activation energy growing from 24.98 to 33.19 kJ/mol. © 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
metadata.dc.rights: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
SCOPUS ID: 85085898920
WOS ID: 000551082000001
PURE ID: 13149812
ISSN: 2075-163X
DOI: 10.3390/min10060500
metadata.dc.description.sponsorship: Russian Science Foundation, RSF: 18-19-00186
Funding: The research was funded by the Russian Science Foundation, grant number 18-19-00186.
RSCF project card: 18-19-00186
Appears in Collections:Научные публикации, проиндексированные в SCOPUS и WoS CC

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