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Title: Leaching kinetics of arsenic sulfide-containing materials by copper sulfate solution
Authors: Karimov, K. A.
Rogozhnikov, D. A.
Kuzas, E. A.
Shoppert, A. A.
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: MDPI AG
Citation: Leaching kinetics of arsenic sulfide-containing materials by copper sulfate solution / K. A. Karimov, D. A. Rogozhnikov, E. A. Kuzas, A. A. Shoppert. — DOI 10.3390/met10010007 // Metals. — 2020. — Vol. 1. — Iss. 10. — 7.
Abstract: The overall decrease in the quality of mineral raw materials, combined with the use of arsenic-containing ores, results in large amounts of various intermediate products containing this highly toxic element. The use of hydrometallurgical technologies for these materials is complicated by the formation of multicomponent solutions and the difficulty of separating copper from arsenic. Previously, for the selective separation of As from copper–arsenic intermediates a leaching method in the presence of Cu(II) ions was proposed. This paper describes the investigation of the kinetics of arsenic sulfide-containing materials leaching by copper sulfate solution. The cakes after leaching of arsenic trisulfide with a solution of copper sulfate were described using methods such as X-ray diffraction spectrometry (XRD), X-ray fluorescence spectrometry (XRF), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy analysis (EDS). The effect of temperature (70–90 °C), the initial concentration of CuSO4 (0.23–0.28 M) and the time on the As recovery into the solution was studied. The process temperature has the greatest effect on the kinetics, while an increase in copper concentration from 0.23 to 0.28 M effects an increase in As transfer into solution from 93.2% to 97.8% for 120 min of leaching. However, the shrinking core model that best fits the kinetic data suggests that the process occurs by the intra-diffusion mode with the average activation energy of 44.9 kJ/mol. Using the time-to-a-given-fraction kinetics analysis, it was determined that the leaching mechanism does not change during the reaction. The semi-empirical expression describing the reaction rate under the studied conditions can be written as follows: 1/3ln(1 − X) + [(1 − X) − 1/3 − 1] = 4,560,000Cu3.61e−44900/RT t. © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Keywords: ARSENIC
metadata.dc.rights: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
SCOPUS ID: 85077364780
WOS ID: 000516827800007
PURE ID: 11726498
ISSN: 2075-4701
DOI: 10.3390/met10010007
metadata.dc.description.sponsorship: 10.7347.2017/8.9
Russian Science Foundation, RSF: 18-19-00186
Funding: The research was funded by the Russian Science Foundation, grant number 18-19-00186. The SEM/EDS analyses were funded by State Assignment, grant number 10.7347.2017/8.9.
RSCF project card: 18-19-00186
Appears in Collections:Научные публикации, проиндексированные в SCOPUS и WoS CC

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