Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://elar.urfu.ru/handle/10995/118025
Title: Does Globalization Cause Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Pakistan? A Promise to Enlighten the Value of Environmental Quality
Authors: Ullah, A.
Raza, K.
Nadeem, M.
Mehmood, U.
Agyekum, E. B.
Elnaggar, M. F.
Agbozo, E.
Kamel, S.
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: MDPI
Citation: Does Globalization Cause Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Pakistan? A Promise to Enlighten the Value of Environmental Quality / A. Ullah, K. Raza, M. Nadeem et al. // International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. — 2022. — Vol. 19. — Iss. 14. — 8678.
Abstract: Global environmental issues such as environmental degradation, climate change, and global warming have posed a threat to the global economy, including Pakistan. The primary source of these problems is greenhouse gas emissions. These emissions are the result of human activity. The objective of the study was to investigate the symmetric and asymmetric relationship between globalization and greenhouse gas emissions in Pakistan. The ARDL modern econometric techniques of the time series model were used. Firstly, the stationarity test favors the use of the ARDL model in this study. The BDS test result confirmed that the ARDL model has a non-linearity issue. As a result, the ARDL approach was used to test both the symmetric and asymmetric effect. The results of the asymmetric ARDL model are more robust and reliable than those of the symmetric ARDL model. According to the results of the symmetric ARDL, economic, social, and political globalization have a positive relationship with greenhouse gas emissions in both the short and long run. Furthermore, the long-run results of the asymmetric ARDL model show that positive and negative shocks of economic and political globalization have positive and negative shock effects on greenhouse gas emissions. In the long run, however, the positive shock of social globalization has a negative relationship with greenhouse gas emissions. According to the results of impulse response functions, economic globalization has a significantly more relationship with greenhouse gas emissions than social and political globalization. A policy should be developed that allows only the positive effects of globalization while prohibiting the negative effects of globalization. © 2022 by the authors.
Keywords: ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION
GLOBALIZATION
GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS
NON-LINEAR ARDL
PAKISTAN
ARTICLE
GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSION
HUMAN
NONLINEAR SYSTEM
PAKISTAN
TIME SERIES ANALYSIS
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
GREENHOUSE GAS
INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION
PAKISTAN
CARBON DIOXIDE
CARBON DIOXIDE
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
GREENHOUSE GASES
HUMANS
INTERNATIONALITY
PAKISTAN
URI: http://elar.urfu.ru/handle/10995/118025
Access: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
SCOPUS ID: 85135114129
WOS ID: 000832087400001
PURE ID: 30707899
ISSN: 16617827
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph19148678
Appears in Collections:Научные публикации ученых УрФУ, проиндексированные в SCOPUS и WoS CC

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