Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title:||Fabrication, physical, structure characteristics, neutron and radiation shielding capacity of high-density neodymio-cadmium lead-borate glasses: Nd2O3/CdO/PbO/B2O3/Na2O|
|Authors:||Zakaly, H. M. H.|
Tekin, H. O.
Issa, S. A. M.
Henaish, A. M. A.
Ahmed, E. M.
Rammah, Y. S.
|Citation:||Fabrication, physical, structure characteristics, neutron and radiation shielding capacity of high-density neodymio-cadmium lead-borate glasses: Nd2O3/CdO/PbO/B2O3/Na2O / H. M. H. Zakaly, H. O. Tekin, S. A. M. Issa et al. // Applied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing. — 2022. — Vol. 128. — Iss. 7. — 551.|
|Abstract:||High-density glasses of neodymio-cadmium lead borate of chemical composition xNd2O3/20CdO/20PbO/(57-x)B2O3/3Na2O, where (0 (0Nd) ≤ x ≤ 5 (5Nd) wt%) have been fabricated by a melt quenching process. Physical, structure properties as well as gamma-radiation and neutron shielding effectiveness in wide photon energy range 0.015–15 MeV have been examined. The amorphous nature of xNd-glasses was confirmed, where there was a lack of their crystallinity. Density was gradually increased from 5.006 g/cm3 for 0Nd-glass sample to 5.245 g/cm3 for 5Nd-glass sample. In terms of the mass attenuation coefficient (MAC), introducing Nd3+ ions in the glass matrix has a direct constructive influence on the obtained values of MAC. Generally, the MAC trend follows the order (MAC)5Nd > (MAC)4Nd > (MAC)3Nd > (MAC)2Nd > (MAC)1Nd > (MAC)0Nd. The linear attenuation coefficient (LAC) has a similar trend as MAC for all xNd-glasses. In terms of the half-value layer (T1/2), the 5Nd-glasses possessed the minimum T1/2 values (0.004 cm at 15 keV to 4.301 cm at 15 MeV). Therefore, the T1/2 of the fabricated xNd-glasses has an inverse behavior of the MAC and LAC. Thus, (T1/2)0Nd > (T1/2)1Nd > (T1/2)2Nd > (T1/2)3Nd > (T1/2)4Nd > (T1/2)5Nd. The effective atomic number (Zeff) parameter follows the order (Zeff)5Nd > (Zeff)4Nd > (Zeff)3Nd > (Zeff)2Nd > (Zeff)1Nd > (Zeff)0Nd. In the energies preferred for radiation applications, 5Nd-glasses possess very low exposure (EBF) and energy absorption (EABF) buildup factor values. The fast neutron removal cross-section (FNRC) of the fabricated glasses is improved as the Nd3+ content increases in the glass matrix. © 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH, DE part of Springer Nature.|
MASS ATTENUATION COEFFICIENT
HIGH DENSITY GLASS
LINEAR ATTENUATION COEFFICIENTS
MASS ATTENUATION COEFFICIENTS
|metadata.dc.description.sponsorship:||Taif University, TU|
Taif University Researchers Supporting Project number (TURSP-2020/84), Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia.
|Appears in Collections:||Научные публикации, проиндексированные в SCOPUS и WoS CC|
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.