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Title: Does Income Inequality Matter for CO2 Emissions in Russian Regions?
Authors: Davidson, N.
Mariev, O.
Turkanova, S.
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Institute of Economic Research
Instytut Badan Gospodarczych / Institute of Economic Research
Citation: Davidson N. Does Income Inequality Matter for CO2 Emissions in Russian Regions? / N. Davidson, O. Mariev, S. Turkanova. — DOI 10.3390/s22010355 // Equilibrium. Quarterly Journal of Economics and Economic Policy. — 2021. — Vol. 16. — Iss. 3. — P. 533-551.
Abstract: Research background:Intensive economic growth in Russian regions during recent decades has been associated with numerous environmental issues, particularly increasing CO2 emissions, as well as income inequality. To achieve sustainable development, it is necessary to resolve these issues. Purpose of the article: To shed light on the impact of income inequality on CO2 emissions based on Russian regional data covering the years 2004–2018. Methods: Gini index and decile dispersion ratio are used to measure income inequality. To study the impact of income inequality on CO2 emissions in the Russian regions, we estimate econometric models with fixed and random effects and apply GMM method. We test the hypothesis of the environmental Kuznets curve to determine the impact of economic growth on CO2 emissions. Findings & value added: The results show that CO2 emissions increase in tandem with growth in income inequality between 10% of people with the lowest income and 10% of people with the highest income. Simultaneously, CO2 emissions decrease with growth of Gini coefficient. The hypothesis of the Environmental Kuznets Curve was confirmed based on GMM method. Our findings underscore that the activities of the extraction and manufacturing sectors, as well as energy consumption, increase CO2 emissions. The chief significance of this paper is the finding that large income gap between extremely rich and extremely poor population cohorts increases CO2 emissions. This implies that economic policy aimed at reducing income inequality in Russian regions will also reduce CO2 emissions, especially if accompanied by increased use of environmentally friendly technologies. From the international perspective, our research can be extended to study other countries and regions. © Instytut Badań Gospodarczych.
Access: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
RSCI ID: 47513920
SCOPUS ID: 85117215634
WOS ID: 000707650000003
PURE ID: 23891547
ISSN: 1689-765X
DOI: 10.3390/s22010355
metadata.dc.description.sponsorship: This research was supported by a grant from the Russian Science Foundation № 19-18-00262: “Empirical modelling of balanced technological and socioeconomic development in the Russian regions”.
RSCF project card: 19-18-00262
Appears in Collections:Научные публикации ученых УрФУ, проиндексированные в SCOPUS и WoS CC

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