Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10995/111998
Title: The 2021 Room-Temperature Superconductivity Roadmap
Authors: Lilia, B.
Hennig, R.
Hirschfeld, P.
Profeta, G.
Sanna, A.
Zurek, E.
Pickett, W. E.
Amsler, M.
Dias, R.
Eremets, M. I.
Heil, C.
Hemley, R. J.
Liu, H.
Ma, Y.
Pierleoni, C.
Kolmogorov, A. N.
Rybin, N.
Novoselov, D.
Anisimov, V.
Oganov, A. R.
Pickard, C. J.
Bi, T.
Arita, R.
Errea, I.
Pellegrini, C.
Requist, R.
Gross, E. K. U.
Margine, E. R.
Xie, S. R.
Quan, Y.
Hire, A.
Fanfarillo, L.
Stewart, G. R.
Hamlin, J. J.
Stanev, V.
Gonnelli, R. S.
Piatti, E.
Romanin, D.
Daghero, D.
Valenti, R.
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: IOP Publishing Ltd
IOP Publishing
Citation: The 2021 Room-Temperature Superconductivity Roadmap / B. Lilia, R. Hennig, P. Hirschfeld et al. // Journal of Physics Condensed Matter. — 2022. — Vol. 34. — Iss. 18. — 183002.
Abstract: Designing materials with advanced functionalities is the main focus of contemporary solid-state physics and chemistry. Research efforts worldwide are funneled into a few high-end goals, one of the oldest, and most fascinating of which is the search for an ambient temperature superconductor (A-SC). The reason is clear: superconductivity at ambient conditions implies being able to handle, measure and access a single, coherent, macroscopic quantum mechanical state without the limitations associated with cryogenics and pressurization. This would not only open exciting avenues for fundamental research, but also pave the road for a wide range of technological applications, affecting strategic areas such as energy conservation and climate change. In this roadmap we have collected contributions from many of the main actors working on superconductivity, and asked them to share their personal viewpoint on the field. The hope is that this article will serve not only as an instantaneous picture of the status of research, but also as a true roadmap defining the main long-term theoretical and experimental challenges that lie ahead. Interestingly, although the current research in superconductor design is dominated by conventional (phonon-mediated) superconductors, there seems to be a widespread consensus that achieving A-SC may require different pairing mechanisms. In memoriam, to Neil Ashcroft, who inspired us all. © 2022 The Author(s). Published by IOP Publishing Ltd.
Keywords: CRYSTAL STRUCTURE PREDICTION
ELECTRON-PHONON INTERACTION
HYDRIDES
NOVEL SUPERCONDUCTORS
SUPERCONDUCTIVITY
SUPERCONDUCTOR
CLIMATE CHANGE
CRYSTAL STRUCTURE
QUANTUM THEORY
AMBIENT CONDITIONS
CRYSTAL STRUCTURE PREDICTION
MACROSCOPIC QUANTUM
NOVEL SUPERCONDUCTOR
RESEARCH EFFORTS
ROADMAP
SOLID STATE CHEMISTRY
SOLID-STATE PHYSICS
SUPERCONDUCTOR
TEMPERATURE SUPERCONDUCTORS
ELECTRON-PHONON INTERACTIONS
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10995/111998
Access: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
SCOPUS ID: 85125552784
ISSN: 0953-8984
metadata.dc.description.sponsorship: Yundi Quan has provided many useful discussions on this topic, and assistance with preparation of the figures in this paper. Giustino’s review [12] contains a wealth of references on this topic. This work was supported by US National Science Foundation Grant DMR 1607139. 3. We acknowledge Ashkan Salamat, Elliot Snider, Nathan Dasenbrock-Gammon, Raymond McBride, Mathew Debessai for useful discussions. This was supported by NSF, Grant No. DMR-1809649, and by the DOE Stockpile Stewardship Academic Alliance Program, Grant No. DE-NA0003898.5. CH acknowledges support from the Austrian Science Fund (FWF) Project No. P 32144-N36. 6. This work was supported principally by the US National Science Foundation (DMR-1933622), and by the US Department of Energy (DE-SC0020340 and DE-NA0003975). 7. I would like to thank all my collaborators and friends that contributed to this work: D M Ceperley, M Holzmann, V Gorelov, G Rillo, Y Yubo, M A Morales. This work was supported by ANR-France under the program ‘Accueil de Chercheurs de Haut Niveau 2015’ project: HyLightExtreme. 8. MA acknowledges support from the Swiss National Science Foundation (Project P4P4P2-180669). 9. This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 52090024 and 12074138), the Science Challenge Project (Grant No. TZ2016001), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (Jilin University, JLU), the Program for JLU Science and Technology Innovative Research Team (JLUSTIRT), and the Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (Grant No. XDB33000000) 10. ANK acknowledges the support through the NSF Award No. DMR-1821815. 11. We thank the Russian Science Foundation (Grant 19-72-30043) for support. 12. I thank Alice Shipley and Michael Hutcheon for their careful reading of the manuscript and insightful comments. This work has been funded by the EPSRC over many years (Projects EP/G007489/1 and EP/P022596/1), and through a Royal Society Wolfson Research Merit Award. 13. We acknowledge the National Science Foundation (DMR-1827815) for financial support. 14. The author acknowledges the financial support by JSPS KAK-ENHI Grant No. 19H05825. 15. This research was supported by the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Program (Grant Agreement No. 802533). 16. We acknowledge financial support by the European Research Council Advanced Grant FACT (ERC-2017-AdG-788890). AS acknowledges hospitality of the Physics Department of La Sapienza, under the program ‘Professori Visitatori 2020’. 17. ERM acknowledges support from the National Science Foundation (Award No. OAC-1740263). 18. The work was supported by the US Department of Energy Basic Energy Sciences under Contract No. DE-SC-0020385. 19. We thank G Profeta and G Lamura for fruitful scientific discussions. We acknowledge funding from the MIUR PRIN-2017 program (Grant No. 2017Z8TS5B—‘Tuning and understanding Quantum phases in 2D materials—Quantum2D’). 20. We thank G Profeta and G Lamura for fruitful scientific discussions. We acknowledge funding from the MIUR PRIN-2017program (Grant No. 2017Z8TS5B—‘Tuning and understanding Quantum phases in 2D materials—Quantum2D’). 21. We acknowledge financial support by the Deutsche Forschungs-Gemeinschaft through Grant (DFG) for funding through TRR 288–422213477 (B05). This research was supported in part by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. NSF PHY-1748958.
RSCF project card: 19-72-30043
NSF project card: 1607139
1809649
1933622
1827815
1821815
CORDIS project card: H2020: 802533
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