Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10995/111993
Title: Effects of Irradiation Temperature on the Response of CeO2, ThO2, and UO2 to Highly Ionizing Radiation
Authors: Cureton, W. F.
Palomares, R. I.
Tracy, C. L.
O'Quinn, E. C.
Walters, J.
Zdorovets, M.
Ewing, R. C.
Toulemonde, M.
Lang, M.
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Elsevier BV
Citation: Effects of Irradiation Temperature on the Response of CeO2, ThO2, and UO2 to Highly Ionizing Radiation / W. F. Cureton, R. I. Palomares, C. L. Tracy et al. // Journal of Nuclear Materials. — 2019. — Vol. 525. — P. 83-91.
Abstract: Microcrystalline CeO2, ThO2, and UO2 were irradiated with 198 MeV 132Xe ions to the same fluence at temperatures ranging from 25 °C to 700 °C then characterized by synchrotron X-ray diffraction and X-ray absorption spectroscopy. All samples retain crystallinity and their nominal fluorite-type phase at a fluence of 1.5 × 1013 ions/cm2. Both CeO2 and ThO2 display defect-induced unit cell expansion after irradiation at room temperature (∼0.15% and ∼0.10%, respectively), yet as irradiation temperature increases, the maximum swelling produced decreases to ∼0.02%. Alternatively, UO2 shows an initial contraction in unit cell parameter (approximately −0.05%) for room temperature irradiation, most likely related to irradiation-enhanced annealing or irradiation-induced oxidation. At higher temperatures (above 200 °C) UO2 begins to swell, surpassing its unit cell parameter prior to irradiation (∼0.05%), an effect which could be attributed to minor reduction in uranium oxidation state in vacuum. However, while CeO2 irradiated at room temperature undergoes partial reduction, both UO2 and ThO2 exhibit no measurable change in cation oxidation state as evidenced by X-ray absorption spectroscopy. All samples display a decrease in irradiation-induced heterogeneous microstrain as a function of increasing irradiation temperature. © 2019 Elsevier B.V.
Keywords: CEO2
HIGH TEMPERATURE
ION IRRADIATION
THO2
UO2
X-RAY ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPY
X-RAY DIFFRACTION
CERIUM OXIDE
CRYSTALLINITY
FLUORSPAR
ION BOMBARDMENT
IONS
OXIDATION
RADIATION EFFECTS
SWELLING
THORIA
URANIUM DIOXIDE
X RAY ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPY
X RAY DIFFRACTION
CEO2
HIGH TEMPERATURE
INDUCED OXIDATIONS
IRRADIATION TEMPERATURE
SYNCHROTRON X RAY DIFFRACTION
UNIT CELL EXPANSION
UNIT CELL PARAMETERS
X RAYS
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10995/111993
Access: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
SCOPUS ID: 85069899296
PURE ID: 10266504
ISSN: 0022-3115
metadata.dc.description.sponsorship: This work was supported by the Energy Frontier Research Center Materials Science of Actinides funded by the US Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences (DE-SC0001089). Portions of this work were performed at HPCAT (Sector 16), Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory. HPCAT operations are supported by DOE-NNSA under award No. DE-NA0001974 and DOE-BES under award No. DE-FG02-99ER45775, with partial instrumentation funding by NSF. APS is supported by DOE-BES, under contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357. W.F.C. and R.I.P. gratefully acknowledge support from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) through the Capital/DOE Alliance Center (DE-NA0003858). HPCAT beamtime was granted by the Capital/DOE Alliance Center.
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