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Title: Anatomy, Chloroplast Structure and Compartmentation of Enzymes Relative to Photosynthetic Mechanisms in Leaves and Cotyledons of Species in the Tribe Salsoleae (Chenopodiaceae)
Authors: Voznesenskaya, E. V.
Franceschi, V. R.
Pyankov, V. I.
Edwards, G. E.
Issue Date: 1999
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Oxford University Press (OUP)
Citation: Anatomy, Chloroplast Structure and Compartmentation of Enzymes Relative to Photosynthetic Mechanisms in Leaves and Cotyledons of Species in the Tribe Salsoleae (Chenopodiaceae) / E. V. Voznesenskaya, V. R. Franceschi, V. I. Pyankov et al. // Journal of Experimental Botany. — 1999. — Vol. 50. — Iss. 341. — P. 1779-1795.
Abstract: Certain members of the family Chenopodiaceae are the dominant species of the deserts of Central Asia; many of them are succulent halophytes which exhibit C4-type CO2 fixation of the NAD- or NADP-ME (malic enzyme) subgroup. In four C4 species of the tribe Salsoleae, the Salsoloid-type Kranz anatomy in leaves or stems was studied in relation to the diversity in anatomy which was found in cotyledons. Halocharis gossypina, has C4 NAD-ME Salsoloid-type photosynthesis in leaves and C3 photosynthesis in dorsoventral non-Kranz cotyledons; Salsola laricina has C4 NAD-ME Salsoloid-type leaves and C4 NAD-ME Atriplicoid-type cotyledons; Haloxylon persicum, has C4 NADP-ME Salsoloid-type green stems and C3 isopalisade non-Kranz cotyledons; and S. richteri has C4 NADP-ME Salsoloid-type leaves and cotyledons. Immunolocalization studies on Rubisco showed strong labelling in bundle sheath cells of leaves and cotyledons of organs having Kranz anatomy. The C4 pathway enzyme phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase was localized in mesophyll cells, while the malic enzymes were localized in bundle sheath cells of Kranz-type tissue. Immunolocalization by electron microscopy showed NAD-ME is in mitochondria while NADP-ME is in chloroplasts of bundle sheath cells in the respective C4 types. In some C4 organs, it was apparent that subepidermal cells and water storage cells also contain some chloroplasts which have Rubisco, store starch, and thus perform C3 photosynthesis. In non-Kranz cotyledons of Halocharis gossypina and Haloxylon persicum, Rubisco was found in chloroplasts of both palisade and spongy mesophyll cells with the heaviest labelling in the layers of palisade cells, whereas C4 pathway proteins were low or undetectable. The pattern of starch accumulation correlated with the localization of Rubisco, being highest in the bundle sheath cells and lowest in the mesophyll cells of organs having Kranz anatomy. In NAD-ME-type Kranz organs (leaves and cotyledons of S. laricina and leaves of H. gossypina) the granal index (length of appressed membranes as a percentage of total length of all membranes) of bundle sheath chloroplasts is 1.5 to 2.5 times higher than that of mesophyll chloroplasts. In contrast, in the NADP-ME-type Kranz organs (S. richteri leaves and cotyledons and H. persicum stems) the granal index of mesophyll chloroplasts is 1.5 to 2.2 times that of the bundle sheath chloroplasts. The mechanism of photosynthesis in these species is discussed in relation to structural differences.
Keywords: ANATOMY
Access: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
SCOPUS ID: 0033404115
ISSN: 0022-0957
metadata.dc.description.sponsorship: This work was partly supported by Civilian Research and Development Foundation Grant RB1–264 and NSF Grant IBN-9807916. EV Voznesenskaya would like to thank CIES, Washington DC for a Fulbright Scholar Research Fellowship. We also thank the Electron Microscope Center of Washington State University for use of their facilities and staff assistance.
NSF project card: 9807916
Appears in Collections:Научные публикации, проиндексированные в SCOPUS и WoS CC

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