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|Title:||Dominance of Fossil Fuels in Japan’s National Energy Mix and Implications for Environmental Sustainability|
|Authors:||Adebayo, T. S.|
Awosusi, A. A.
Oladipupo, S. D.
Agyekum, E. B.
Kumar, N. M.
|Citation:||Dominance of Fossil Fuels in Japan’s National Energy Mix and Implications for Environmental Sustainability / T. S. Adebayo, A. A. Awosusi, S. D. Oladipupo et al. // International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. — 2021. — Vol. 18. — Iss. 14. — 7347.|
|Abstract:||Despite the drive for increased environmental protection and the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), coal, oil, and natural gas use continues to dominate Japan’s energy mix. In light of this issue, this research assessed the position of natural gas, oil, and coal energy use in Japan’s environmental mitigation efforts from the perspective of sustainable development with respect to economic growth between 1965 and 2019. In this regard, the study employs Bayer and Hanck cointegration, fully modified Ordinary Least Square (FMOLS), and dynamic ordinary least square (DOLS) to investigate these interconnections. The empirical findings from this study revealed that the utilization of natural gas, oil, and coal energy reduces the sustainability of the environment with oil consumption having the most significant impact. Furthermore, the study validates the environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) hypothesis in Japan. The outcomes of the Gradual shift causality showed that CO2 emissions can predict economic growth, while oil, coal, and energy consumption can predict CO2 emissions in Japan. Given Japan’s ongoing energy crisis, this innovative analysis provides valuable policy insights to stakeholders and authorities in the nation’s energy sector. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.|
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOAL
|metadata.dc.description.sponsorship:||Acknowledgments: This work was supported by SusSo Foundation Cares, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India, and the authors would like to acknowledge their support.|
|Appears in Collections:||Научные публикации, проиндексированные в SCOPUS и WoS CC|
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