Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10995/111804
Title: Principle of Least Effort and Sentence Length in Public Speaking
Authors: Tsizhmovska, N. L.
Martyushev, L. M.
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: MDPI AG
MDPI AG
Citation: Tsizhmovska N. L. Principle of Least Effort and Sentence Length in Public Speaking / N. L. Tsizhmovska, L. M. Martyushev // Entropy. — 2021. — Vol. 23. — Iss. 8. — 1023.
Abstract: The analysis of sentence lengths in the inaugural speeches of US presidents and the annual speeches of UK party leaders is carried out. Transcripts of the speeches are used, rather than the oral production. It is discovered that the average sentence length in these speeches decreases linearly with time, with the slope of 0.13 ± 0.03 words/year. It is shown that among the analyzed distributions (log-normal, folded and half normal, Weibull, generalized Pareto, Rayleigh) the Weibull is the best distribution for describing sentence length. These two results can be considered a consequence of the principle of least effort. The connection of this principle with the well-known principles of maximum and minimum entropy production is discussed. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Keywords: MINIMUM ENTROPY PRODUCTION PRINCIPLE
PRINCIPLE OF LEAST EFFORT
QUANTITATIVE LINGUISTICS
SENTENCE LENGTHS
WEIBULL DISTRIBUTION
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10995/111804
Access: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
SCOPUS ID: 85112423309
PURE ID: 22981912
ISSN: 1099-4300
Appears in Collections:Научные публикации, проиндексированные в SCOPUS и WoS CC

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