Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10995/111792
Title: Link between Technically Derived Energy Efficiency and Ecological Footprint: Empirical Evidence from the Asean Region
Authors: Khan, D.
Nouman, M.
Popp, J.
Khan, M. A.
Rehman, F. U.
Oláh, J.
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: MDPI AG
MDPI AG
Citation: Link between Technically Derived Energy Efficiency and Ecological Footprint: Empirical Evidence from the Asean Region / D. Khan, M. Nouman, J. Popp et al. // Energies. — 2021. — Vol. 14. — Iss. 13. — 3923.
Abstract: The sustainable environment has been a desired situation around the world for the last few decades. Environmental contaminations can be a consequence of various economic activities. Different socio-economic factors influence the environment positively or negatively. Many previous studies have resulted in the efficient allocation of inputs as an environment-friendly component. This paper investigates the effects of energy efficiency on ecological footprint in the ASEAN region using balanced panel data from 2001 to 2019. First, this paper technically derives the energy effi-ciency, using the stochastic frontier analysis (SFA) of the translog production type of single output and multiple inputs. Findings of the SFA show that the Philippines and Singapore have the highest energy efficiency (94%) and Laos has the lowest energy efficiency (85%) in the ASEAN region. The estimated average efficiency score of the ASEAN region was around 90%, ranging from 85% to 96%, indicating that there is still 10% room for improvement in energy efficiency. Second, this study employed the panel autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) model to explore the short run and long run impact of technically derived energy efficiency on ecological footprint in the ASEAN region. Results of the panel ARDL model show that energy efficiency is a reducing factor of ecological footprint in the long run. Moreover, energy efficiency plays a significant role to control the environmental contaminations. In addition, results of this study also explored that urbanization is an increasing factor of ecological footprint, and investment in agriculture is also beneficial for the environment. Moreover, to obtain the directional nature of the associations between the ecological footprint and its independent variables, this paper has employed the paired-panel Granger causality test. The results of the paired wise panel Granger causality test also confirm that the energy efficiency, ur-banization, and investment in agriculture cause ecological footprint. Finally, this study recom-mends that efficient utilization of energy resources as well as investment in agriculture are neces-sary for sustainable environment. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Keywords: ASEAN
ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT
ENERGY EFFICIENCY
GRANGER CAUSALITY
PANEL ARDL MODEL
AGRICULTURAL ROBOTS
AGRICULTURE
ECOLOGY
ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL EFFECTS
ECONOMICS
ENERGY RESOURCES
INVESTMENTS
STATISTICAL TESTS
STOCHASTIC SYSTEMS
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
EFFICIENT ALLOCATIONS
ENVIRONMENT FRIENDLY
ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION
GRANGER CAUSALITY TEST
INDEPENDENT VARIABLES
SOCIO-ECONOMIC FACTOR
STOCHASTIC FRONTIER ANALYSIS
SUSTAINABLE ENVIRONMENT
ENERGY EFFICIENCY
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10995/111792
Access: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
SCOPUS ID: 85110040621
PURE ID: 22836085
ISSN: 1996-1073
metadata.dc.description.sponsorship: Funding: Project no. 132805 has been implemented with support provided from the National Research, Development, and Innovation Fund of Hungary, financed under the K_19 funding scheme and supported by the János Bolyai Research Scholarship of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences (BO/00095/18 and BO/8/20).
Appears in Collections:Научные публикации, проиндексированные в SCOPUS и WoS CC

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