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|Title:||Light Scattering from Volcanic-Sand Particles in Deposited and Aerosol Form|
Berg, M. J.
|Citation:||Light Scattering from Volcanic-Sand Particles in Deposited and Aerosol Form / N. Zubko, O. Muñoz, E. Zubko et al. // Atmospheric Environment. — 2019. — Vol. 215. — 116813.|
|Abstract:||The light-scattering properties of volcanic sand collected in Iceland are studied here to characterize the sand particles and develop a reference for future remote-sensing observations. While such sand is common in Iceland, the smaller-size fraction can be readily transported by winds and found in the atmosphere at distant locations. The sand appears dark when deposited on a surface due to the high optical absorption of the material. Therefore, atmospheric regions containing such particles during a dust storm may absorb sunlight considerably, causing redistribution of solar energy. Here, we measure the angular scattered-light intensity and degree of linear polarization from the sand. This is done with two experimental apparatuses, the Cosmic Dust Laboratory (CoDuLab) at the Institute de Astrofísica de Andalucía (IAA) and the goniospectropolarimeter (FIGIFIGO) at the Finnish Geospatial Research Institute (FGI). Two scattering-scenarios of practical interest for remote-sensing applications are considered: (1) single sand-particles suspended in aerosol as an optically thin cloud, and (2) the same particles deposited on a substrate. We also model the measurements with the discrete dipole approximation to estimate the complex-valued refractive index m, where we find that m ≈ 1.6 + 0.01i at λ = 647 nm. Lastly, we present a comparative analysis of the polarimetric response of the sand particles with that reported in the literature for carbon-soot, another highly absorbing atmospheric contaminant. © 2019.|
DISCRETE DIPOLE APPROXIMATION
PARTICLE SIZE ANALYSIS
DEGREE OF LINEAR POLARIZATION
DISCRETE DIPOLE APPROXIMATION
REMOTE SENSING APPLICATIONS
DISCRETE ELEMENT METHOD
|metadata.dc.description.sponsorship:||This research was partially supported by the Academy of Finland Project no. 260027 and the COST Action MP1104 “Polarization as a tool to study the Solar System and beyond”. NZ acknowledges Magnus Ehrnrooth Foundation for the research travel support. This work also has been partially supported by contracts AYA2015-67152-R and RTI2018-095330-B-I00 . We thank P. Dagsson Waldhauserová, O. Arnalds, A. Virkkula, O. Meinander, and J. Svensson for their help obtaining the samples and for relevant discussions. We acknowledge the use of imagery provided by services from NASA's Global Imagery Browse Services (GIBS), part of NASA's Earth Observing System Data and Information System (EOSDIS). We also would like to thank reviewers for their constructive reviews.|
|Appears in Collections:||Научные публикации, проиндексированные в SCOPUS и WoS CC|
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