Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10995/111583
Title: Increasing Spin of a B-Star During the Common Envelope Stage
Authors: Staritsin, E.
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: EDP Sciences
EDP Sciences
Citation: Staritsin E. Increasing Spin of a B-Star During the Common Envelope Stage / E. Staritsin. — DOI 10.1073/pnas.2109945118 // Astronomy and Astrophysics. — 2021. — Vol. 646. — A90.
Abstract: Context. In its evolution, the MWC 656 binary system, consisting of a Be star and a black hole, has gone through the common envelope stage. The O and B stars of the early spectral subclasses can be characterised by lower rotational velocities and increased binary frequency. The B star in the MWC 656 system may have undergone rapid rotation during the common envelope stage. Aims. We study the change in the B star's state of rotation due to an increase in its angular momentum during the common envelope stage and immediately afterwards. Methods. We performed one-dimensional numerical calculations of angular momentum transport in the interior of a slightly evolved star on the main sequence with a mass of 16 M⊙. Meridional circulation and shear turbulence are taken into account. Results. Due to the arrival of angular momentum through the star's surface, the velocity of the meridional circulation increases by more than six orders of magnitude. Meridional circulation is the main mechanism for the transport of angular momentum into the star's deep interior. The acquired angular momentum enters the convective core during the common envelope stage if the angular velocity of the accreted matter exceeds half the Kepler value. Conclusions. The star acquires a rotation typical of classical Be stars if the angular velocity of accreted matter rotation is close to the maximum possible value during the common envelope stage (∼80% of the Kepler value). © ESO 2021.
Keywords: BE
BINARIES: CLOSE
STARS: EARLY-TYPE
STARS: EMISSION-LINE
STARS: EVOLUTION
STARS: INTERIORS
ANGULAR MOMENTUM
ANGULAR VELOCITY
BINARY FREQUENCY
BINARY SYSTEMS
MERIDIONAL CIRCULATION
MOMENTUM TRANSPORTS
NUMERICAL CALCULATION
ORDERS OF MAGNITUDE
ROTATIONAL VELOCITY
SHEAR TURBULENCES
STARS
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10995/111583
Access: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
SCOPUS ID: 85100867318
PURE ID: 20889298
ISSN: 0004-6361
DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2109945118
metadata.dc.description.sponsorship: This work was supported by the Ministry of Science and Education, FEUZ-2020-0030.
Appears in Collections:Научные публикации, проиндексированные в SCOPUS и WoS CC

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