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|Title:||Hard and Soft Power Approaches to Armed Conflicts: The United States in Iraq and Russia in Syria|
|Publisher:||Foreign Policy Research Foundation|
Foreign Policy Research Foundation
|Citation:||Simons G. Hard and Soft Power Approaches to Armed Conflicts: The United States in Iraq and Russia in Syria / G. Simons // Russia in Global Affairs. — 2021. — Vol. 2021. — Iss. 2. — P. 86-110.|
|Abstract:||Armed conflicts are generally associated with the use of hard power for coercing and forcing an opponent to do something against its will in a situation where war is an extension of politics. However, there are many scholarly observations about the important role of soft power in armed conflicts, the interaction between hard and soft power, and the effects on one another within the framework of an armed conflict. This paper explores two specific armed conflicts, the 2003 U.S.-led military intervention in Iraq and the 2015 Russian intervention in Syria. Various aspects of hard and soft power approaches are discussed, and the outcome of military operations for the national soft power potential is analyzed. The results of the study show that whereas the Iraq War came as a disaster for the U.S., the military operation in Syria—despite dire predictions—created strengths and opportunities for Russia in international relations. © 2021, Foreign Policy Research Foundation. All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Научные публикации, проиндексированные в SCOPUS и WoS CC|
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