Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10995/111274
Title: Theological Origins of the Scandinavian Welfare State: Religious and Secular Interpretations
Other Titles: Теологические истоки скандинавской модели государства всеобщего благоденствия: религиозные и светские интерпретации
Authors: Stepanova, E.
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: St. Tikhon's University
St. Tikhon's Orthodox University
Citation: Stepanova E. Theological Origins of the Scandinavian Welfare State: Religious and Secular Interpretations [Теологические истоки скандинавской модели государства всеобщего благоденствия: религиозные и светские интерпретации] / E. Stepanova // Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo Gumanitarnogo Universiteta, Seria I. Bogoslovie, Filosofia, Religiovedenie. — 2021. — Vol. 95. — P. 45-63.
Abstract: The article analyses the research interpretations, both religious and secular, of the provisions of Martin Luther's doctrine of “two kingdoms”, as well as his views on the sinfulness of human nature, the universal priesthood, etc., which influenced the formation and development of the Scandinavian model of the welfare state (mainly using the example of Denmark). The article raises the following questions: How these theologicalideasandprinciplesareembodiedintraditions,values,behaviouralstrategies, social trends, formal and informal rules and norms that has led to the emergence of the welfare state? What is common in the institutional design of the welfare state with the Evangelical Lutheran preaching, which for centuries has proclaimed the individual and collective responsibility for the care about others? How the impact of these ideas on social attitudes and beliefs of people may be analysed? The article draws on the results of recent research on this issue that arose within the framework of the “cultural turn” in the humanities and social sciences, which has gradually led to a change in the emphasis in research logic and brought almost to the fore the historical, cultural and religious characteristics of the Scandinavian countries. The article analyses in detail Martin Luther's doctrine of “two kingdoms” and its contemporary interpretations, including their influence on the ideology of Scandinavian social democracy. The conclusion is made that the Scandinavian model of the welfare state is the result of a unique combination of Lutheran piety, the activities of social democratic parties, historical circumstances that has led to the formation of rather homogeneous ethnoconfessional national states, as well as the activities of many people who desired and were able to create decent living conditions for themselves. This topic requires further research, taking into account the socio-cultural context of a particular country. © 2021 St. Tikhon's University. All rights reserved.
Keywords: LUTHERANISM
SCANDINAVIAN MODEL
SECULARITY
SOCIAL DEMOCRACY
UNIVERSALISM
WELFARE STATE
“TWO KINGDOMS” DOCTRINE
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10995/111274
Access: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
SCOPUS ID: 85111764520
PURE ID: 22845490
ISSN: 1991-640X
Appears in Collections:Научные публикации, проиндексированные в SCOPUS и WoS CC

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