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|Title:||Human-Altered Soils at an Archeological Site of the Bronze Age: The Tyater-Araslanovo-Ii Settlement, Southern Cis-Ural Region, Russia|
|Citation:||Human-Altered Soils at an Archeological Site of the Bronze Age: The Tyater-Araslanovo-Ii Settlement, Southern Cis-Ural Region, Russia / R. Suleymanov, G. Obydennova, A. Kungurtsev et al. // Quaternary. — 2021. — Vol. 4. — Iss. 4. — 32.|
|Abstract:||This paper presents the results of studying the soils at the archeological site of the Tyater-Araslanovo-II settlement located in the Republic of Bashkortostan, eastern European Russia. The settlement functioned in the 15th–12th centuries BCE (the Late Bronze Age). We compared the soil properties at four sites in the study area: archeological (1), buried (2), affected by long pyrogenic exposure (3), and background site (4). In soil samples, the total carbon content, the fractional composition of humus and organic matter characteristics, alkaline hydrolyzable nitrogen, total phosphorus, mobile phosphorus, potassium, absorbed calcium and magnesium, pH, particle size distribution, basal soil respiration, and optical density were estimated. The study results showed the anthropogenic impact on the archeological site’s soils. The newly formed AU horizon at the archeological site (1), affected by the cattle summer camp, was richer in soil nutrients and agrochemical properties, namely, the content of exchangeable and gross forms of phosphorus, alkaline hydrolyzable nitrogen, and exchange cations of the soil absorbing complex compared to the reference soil (4). For the pyrogenic layer (AU[hh]pyr ) from the ancient furnace (fireplace) (3), the mobile and total forms of phosphorus were several times higher than those in the reference soil (4) but inferior regarding other agrochemical parameters. Thus, the activities of ancient people (especially cattle breeding) greatly influenced the properties of the soil. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.|
|metadata.dc.description.sponsorship:||Funding: This study was performed within the framework of state assignment of the Ministry of Science and Education of the Russian Federation no. 075-00326-19-00 in theme no. AAA-A18-118022190102-3. This work was also supported by a grant from the Russian Science Foundation, project no. 17-16-01030, “Soil biota dynamics in chronoseries of post-technogenic landscapes: analyses of soil-ecological effectiveness of ecosystems restoration”, and by the Kazan Federal University Strategic Academic Leadership Program.|
|RSCF project card:||17-16-01030|
|Appears in Collections:||Научные публикации, проиндексированные в SCOPUS и WoS CC|
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