Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10995/111128
Title: Contribution of Soviet Metallurgy to Creation and Serial Production of KV Heavy Tank (1939 – 1941)
Other Titles: Вклад советской металлургии в создание и начало серийного производства советского тяжелого танка серии «КВ» (1939 – 1941 гг.)
Authors: Zaparii, V. V.
Mel’nikov, N. N.
Gizhevskii, B. A.
Zaparii, V. V.
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: National University of Science and Technology MISIS
National University of Science and Technology MISiS
Citation: Contribution of Soviet Metallurgy to Creation and Serial Production of KV Heavy Tank (1939 – 1941) [Вклад советской металлургии в создание и начало серийного производства советского тяжелого танка серии «КВ» (1939 – 1941 гг.)] / V. V. Zaparii, N. N. Mel’nikov, B. A. Gizhevskii et al. — DOI 10.1016/j.strueco.2020.08.001 // Izvestiya Ferrous Metallurgy. — 2021. — Vol. 64. — Iss. 9. — P. 651-659.
Abstract: The KV heavy tank stays among the legends of the Great Patriotic War and one of the most recognizable combat vehicles of those years. The assessment of the tank, its design features and practice of operation, in scientific, popular science literature, and journalism, is still ambiguous: from praise to denial. Historical memory of this combat vehicle is actively living its life not only on pages of the books, but also in the virtual space, in the branches of thematic Internet forums and computer games. The heavy tank of KV series was developed and put into service at the very end of 1939. A new grade of 42S armor steel was created especially for it, which was distinguished by a relatively low content of alloying elements and high adaptability for mass production. The authors seriously studied the stages of armor production and the difficulties in its creation. They show the enormous contribution of metallurgists to the creation of a combat vehicle. As a result of engineering research and the decisive contribution of metallurgy, a formidable machine was obtained, possessing thick armor (75 mm) and quite powerful armament (76.2 mm cannon). At the same time, the tank had a whole range of disadvantages that reduce the effectiveness of its combat use. The general lack of development of the design and archaic technological solutions created serious problems both in the production and in the subsequent operation of this tank. History and tradition of searching the tank allows taking a fresh look at the long glorious traditions of the national engineering school in the field of metallurgy, and its decisive contribution to the Victory in the Great Patriotic War. © The Author(s), 2021.
Keywords: 42S STEEL
ARMOR OF MEDIUM HARDNESS
CENTRAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE NII-48
ECONOMICS
IZHORA PLANT
KIROVSKY PLANT
METALLURGY
TANK BUILDING
WAR
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10995/111128
Access: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
SCOPUS ID: 85118492119
PURE ID: 28890864
ISSN: 0368-0797
DOI: 10.1016/j.strueco.2020.08.001
metadata.dc.description.sponsorship: Funding: The historical part of the work was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research within the framework of grant No. 19-09-00050; the metallurgical part of the work was performed within the framework of the program “Spin” No. AAAA-A18-118020290104-2.
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