Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10995/103362
Title: Modification of pet ion-track membranes by silica nanoparticles for direct contact membrane distillation of salt solutions
Authors: Korolkov, I. V.
Kuandykova, A.
Yeszhanov, A. B.
Güven, O.
Gorin, Y. G.
Zdorovets, M. V.
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: MDPI AG
Citation: Modification of pet ion-track membranes by silica nanoparticles for direct contact membrane distillation of salt solutions / I. V. Korolkov, A. Kuandykova, A. B. Yeszhanov, et al. — DOI 10.3390/membranes10110322 // Membranes. — 2020. — Vol. 10. — Iss. 11. — P. 1-15. — 322.
Abstract: The paper describes desalination by membrane distillation (MD) using ion-track membranes. Poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) ion-track membranes were hydrophobized by the immobilization of hydrophobic vinyl-silica nanoparticles (Si NPs). Si NPs were synthesized by the sol-gel method, and the addition of the surfactant led to the formation of NPs with average size of 40 nm. The thermal initiator fixed to the surface of membranes allowed attachment of triethoxyvinyl silane Si NPs at the membrane surface. To further increase hydrophobicity, ethoxy groups were fluorinated. The morphology and chemical structure of prepared membranes were characterized by SEM, FTIR, XPS spectroscopy, and a gas permeability test. Hydrophobic properties were evaluated by contact angle (CA) and liquid entry pressure (LEP) measurements. Membranes with CA 125–143◦ were tested in direct contact membrane distillation (DCMD) of 30 g/L saline solution. Membranes showed water fluxes from 2.2 to 15.4 kg/(m2·h) with salt rejection values of 93–99%. © 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Keywords: DESALINATION
HYDROPHOBIC MODIFICATION
MEMBRANE DISTILLATION
SILANE
SILICA NANOPARTICLES
TRACK-ETCHED MEMBRANES
CONTACT ANGLE
DESALINATION
DISTILLATION
DISTILLERIES
ETHYLENE
FOURIER TRANSFORM INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY
GAS PERMEABILITY
HYDROPHOBICITY
IONS
MORPHOLOGY
NANOPARTICLES
SILICA
SILICA NANOPARTICLES
SILICON
SOL-GEL PROCESS
SOL-GELS
DIRECT CONTACT MEMBRANE DISTILLATION
HYDROPHOBIC PROPERTIES
ION TRACK MEMBRANES
MEMBRANE DISTILLATION
PERMEABILITY TEST
POLY(ETHYLENE TEREPHTHALATE) (PET)
THERMAL INITIATORS
XPS SPECTROSCOPY
GAS PERMEABLE MEMBRANES
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10995/103362
Access: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
SCOPUS ID: 85094861297
PURE ID: 20135695
9fd33fa7-a074-418d-a1db-90a4b966f553
ISSN: 20770375
DOI: 10.3390/membranes10110322
metadata.dc.description.sponsorship: The research titled “Preparation of track-etched membranes with specified properties for membrane distillation and forward osmosis” (grant No AP05132110) was funded by the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Appears in Collections:Научные публикации, проиндексированные в SCOPUS и WoS CC

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