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|Title:||Rippite, K2Nb2(Si4O12)O2)O(O,F), a new K-Nb-cyclosilicate from chuktukon carbonatite massif, chadobets upland, krasnoyarsk territory, russia|
|Authors:||Sharygin, V. V.|
Doroshkevich, A. G.
Seryotkin, Y. V.
Karmanov, N. S.
Belogub, E. V.
Moroz, T. N.
Nigmatulina, E. N.
Yelisseyev, A. P.
Vedenyapin, V. N.
Kupriyanov, I. N.
|Citation:||Rippite, K2Nb2(Si4O12)O2)O(O,F), a new K-Nb-cyclosilicate from chuktukon carbonatite massif, chadobets upland, krasnoyarsk territory, russia / V. V. Sharygin, A. G. Doroshkevich, Y. V. Seryotkin, et al. — DOI 10.3390/min10121102 // Minerals. — 2020. — Vol. 10. — Iss. 12. — P. 1-28. — 1102.|
|Abstract:||Rippite K2(Nb,Ti)2(Si4O12)(O,F)2, a new K-Nb-cyclosilicate, has been discovered in calciocarbonatites from the Chuktukon massif (Chadobets upland, SW Siberian Platform, Krasnoyarsk Territory, Russia). It was found in a primary mineral assemblage, which also includes calcite, fluorcalciopyrochlore, tainiolite, fluorapatite, fluorite, Nb-rich rutile, olekminskite, K-feldspar, Fe-Mn–dolomite and quartz. Goethite, francolite (Sr-rich carbonate–fluorapatite) and psilomelane (romanèchite ± hollandite) aggregates as well as barite, monazite-(Ce), parisite-(Ce), synchysite-(Ce) and Sr-Ba-Pb-rich keno-/hydropyrochlore are related to a stage of metasomatic (hydrothermal) alteration of carbonatites. The calcite–dolomite coexistence assumes crystallization temperature near 837◦C for the primary carbonatite paragenesis. Rippite is tetragonal: P4bm, a = 8.73885(16), c = 8.1277(2) Å, V = 620.69(2) Å3, Z = 2. It is closely identical in the structure and cell parameters to synthetic K2Nb2(Si4O12)O2 (or KNbSi2O7). Similar to synthetic phase, the mineral has nonlinear properties. Some optical and physical properties for rippite are: colorless; Mohs’ hardness—4–5; cleavage—(001) very perfect, (100) perfect to distinct; density (meas.)—3.17(2) g/cm3; density (calc.)—3.198 g/cm3; optically uniaxial (+); ω = 1.737-1.739; ε = 1.747 (589 nm). The empirical formula of the holotype rippite (mean of 120 analyses) is K2(Nb1.90Ti0.09Zr0.01)[Si4O12](O1.78OH0.12F0.10). Majority of rippite prismatic crystals are weakly zoned and show Ti-poor composition K2(Nb1.93Ti0.05Zr0.02)[Si4O12](O1.93F0.07). Raman and IR spectroscopy, and SIMS data indicate very low H2O content (0.09–0.23 wt %). Some grains may contain an outermost zone, which is enriched in Ti (+Zr) and F, up to K2(Nb1.67Ti0.32Zr0.01)[Si4O12](O1.67F0.33). It strongly suggests the incorporation of (Ti,Zr) and F in the structure of rippite via the isomorphism Nb5+ + O2− → (Ti,Zr)4+ + F1−. The content of a hypothetical end-member K2Ti2[Si4O12]F2 may be up to 17 mol. %. Rippite represents a new structural type among [Si4O12]-cyclosilicates because of specific type of connection of the octahedral chains and [Si4O12]8− rings. In structural and chemical aspects it seems to be in close with the labuntsovite-supergroup minerals, namely with vuoriyarvite-(K), K2(Nb,Ti)2(Si4O12)(O,OH)2·4H2O. © 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.|
|metadata.dc.description.sponsorship:||Investigations of inclusions in minerals and physical and chemical properties of rippite were done on state assignment of IGM SB RAS (0330-2019-0002 and 0330-2016-0005) and GIN SB RAS (AAAA-A16-116122110027-2), and the Initiative Project of Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation, Act 211 of the Government of the Russian Federation (agreement no. 02.A03.21.0006). Geochemical, spectroscopic and chemical studies for rippite were supported by the Russian Science Foundation (grant 19-17-00019).|
|RSCF project card:||19-17-00019|
|Appears in Collections:||Научные публикации, проиндексированные в SCOPUS и WoS CC|
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