Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10995/103068
Title: Waxing power, waning pollution: The effect of COVID-19 on Russian environmental policymaking
Authors: Hartwell, C. A.
Otrachshenko, V.
Popova, O.
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Citation: Hartwell C. A. Waxing power, waning pollution: The effect of COVID-19 on Russian environmental policymaking / C. A. Hartwell, V. Otrachshenko, O. Popova. — DOI 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2021.107003 // Ecological Economics. — 2021. — Vol. 184. — 107003.
Abstract: Like most countries globally, COVID-19 continues to have a demonstrable health, economic, and environmental impact on Russia. The purpose of this paper is to examine the possible ramifications for environmental quality in Russia during and following the coronavirus pandemic. Our work builds on the framework of Elinor Ostrom, as we argue that the pandemic and subsequent lockdown in Russia has highlighted the need for a more polycentric, de-centralized approach to environmental protection. We provide evidence for this point using a novel econometric strategy: given the tight centralization of environmental policymaking, we proxy for de facto decentralization using the amount of influence a regional governor has at the federal level. Using timely data on pollution in major Russian cities both before and during the pandemic, we employ an instrumental variable analysis which shows that pollution in a particular Russian region is negatively related to the amount of influence a Russian governor has at the federal level. Thus, the more powerful a governor is in their ability to set their own course, the better results they have in environmental quality. We conclude that Russia's environmental policy needs a fundamental rethink – and extensive decentralization – in a post-COVID-19 world. © 2021 Elsevier B.V.
Keywords: CORONAVIRUS
DECENTRALIZATION
ELINOR OSTROM
ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY
POLLUTION
PROPERTY RIGHTS
RUSSIA
COVID-19
DECENTRALIZATION
ECONOMETRICS
ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS
ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY
GOVERNANCE APPROACH
POLICY MAKING
RUSSIAN FEDERATION
CORONAVIRUS
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10995/103068
Access: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
SCOPUS ID: 85101557676
PURE ID: 21026895
4388fed8-f97e-40b5-b2f0-e9bb150e1b11
ISSN: 9218009
DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2021.107003
metadata.dc.description.sponsorship: he authors are grateful to Olivier Petit, two anonymous referees, and participants at the ECPR Annual Conference for helpful comments and suggestions. The authors also thank Plume Labs, Igor Loshchitc, and Gleb Polushin for their help with data collection. Vladimir Otrachshenko acknowledges the funding by the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) from funds of Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation (BMZ), SDGnexus Network (Grant No. 57526248 ), program “exceed - Hochschulexzellenz in der Entwicklungszusammenarbeit”.
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