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|Title:||Application of ionic theory to calculate sulfide capacity of slags|
Применение ионной теории для расчета сульфидной емкости шлаков
|Authors:||Metelkin, A. A.|
Sheshukov, O. Y.
Savel'ev, M. V.
Shevchenko, O. I.
Egiazar'yan, D. K.
|Publisher:||National University of Science and Technology MISIS|
|Citation:||Application of ionic theory to calculate sulfide capacity of slags / A. A. Metelkin, O. Y. Sheshukov, M. V. Savel'ev, et al. — DOI 10.17073/0368-0797-2021-2-104-111 // Izvestiya Ferrous Metallurgy. — 2021. — Vol. 64. — Iss. 2. — P. 104-111.|
|Abstract:||The article considers the issues of sulfur removal in the ladle-furnace unit. The sulfur distribution coefficient depends on sulfide capacity of the slag, sulfur activity coefficient, oxidizing potential of the medium and equilibrium constant. The sulfide capacity CS of slags is one of the most important characteristics of refining capacity of the slags used in extra-furnace steel processing. One of the factors affecting the sulfide capacity is temperature. The formula was proposed showing the dependence of sulfide capacity on the optical basicity and temperature, in the temperature range of 1650 - 1400 °C and when the optical basicity Λ is not more than 0.75; the error of the presented formula does not exceed 6 %. The formula for calculating the optical basicity is proposed, which takes into account the influence of basic, acidic oxides and amphoteric oxide Al2O3 . It is shown that slags, completely consisting of a homogeneous phase, have an increased optical basicity of aluminum oxide. Heterogeneous slags have a reduced optical basicity of Al2O3 in comparison with homogeneous slags. Perhaps, this fact can be explained by the fact that in homogeneous slags there is a deficiency of the basic oxide CaO and in the conditions under consideration Al2O3 compound begins to exhibit more basic properties than acidic ones, thus, in homogeneous slags, the optical basicity of aluminum oxide is increased and approaches optical basicity of CaO oxide. Calculations carried out on the basis of real heats have shown that with an increase in the content of Al2O3 oxide in the slag, its optical basicity decreases. Known value of the optical basicity makes it possible to determine sulfide capacity of the slag, sulfur distribution coefficient between metal and slag, and, accordingly, final sulfur content in the metal. The research results have shown that it is advisable to apply the ionic theory of slags for the sulfide capacity determination. © 2021 National University of Science and Technology MISIS. All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Научные публикации, проиндексированные в SCOPUS и WoS CC|
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