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|Title:||Gross alpha and gross beta activity concentrations in the dust fractions of urban surface-deposited sediment in russian cities|
|Authors:||Hanfi, M. Y.|
Seleznev, A. A.
|Citation:||Hanfi M. Y. Gross alpha and gross beta activity concentrations in the dust fractions of urban surface-deposited sediment in russian cities / M. Y. Hanfi, I. Yarmoshenko, A. A. Seleznev. — DOI 10.3390/atmos12050571 // Atmosphere. — 2021. — Vol. 12. — Iss. 5. — 571.|
|Abstract:||Studies of gross alpha and gross beta activity in road-and surface-deposited sediments were conducted in three Russian cities in different geographical zones. To perform radiation measurements, new methods were applied which allow dealing with low mass and low volume dustsized (2–100 μm) samples obtained after the size fractionation procedure. The 2–10 μm fraction size had the highest gross beta activity concentration (GB)—1.32 Bq/g in Nizhny Novgorod and Rostov-On-Don, while the 50–100 μm fraction size was most prominent in Ekaterinburg. This can be attributed to the presence of radionuclides that are transferred through natural and anthropogenic processes. The highest gross alpha activity concentration (GA) in fraction sizes was found in Rostov-on-Don city within the 50–100 μm range—0.22 Bq/g. The fraction sizes 50–100 μm have a higher gross alpha activity concentration than 2–10 μm and 10–50 μm fraction sizes due to natural partitioning of the main minerals constituting the urban surface-deposited sediment (USDS). Observed dependencies reflect the geochemical processes which take place during the formation and transport of urban surface sediments. Developed experimental methods of radiation measurements formed the methodological base of urban geochemical studies. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.|
|Keywords:||GROSS ALPHA ACTIVITY|
GROSS BETA ACTIVITY URBAN ENVIRONMENT
GROSS ALPHA ACTIVITIES
ROSTOV [RUSSIAN FEDERATION]
|metadata.dc.description.sponsorship:||The study was supported by Russian Science Foundation (grant No. 18-77-10024). Institutional Review Board Statement: Not applicable. Informed Consent Statement: Not applicable.|
|RSCF project card:||18-77-10024|
|Appears in Collections:||Научные публикации, проиндексированные в SCOPUS и WoS CC|
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