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|Unconventional low-temperature features in the one-dimensional frustrated q -state Potts model
|American Physical Society
|Panov Y. Unconventional low-temperature features in the one-dimensional frustrated q -state Potts model / Y. Panov, O. Rojas. — DOI 10.1103/PhysRevE.103.062107 // Physical Review E. — 2021. — Vol. 103. — Iss. 6. — 062107.
|Here we consider a one-dimensional q-state Potts model with an external magnetic field and an anisotropic interaction that selects neighboring sites that are in the spin state 1. The present model exhibits unusual behavior in the low-temperature region, where we observe an anomalous vigorous change in the entropy for a given temperature. There is a steep behavior at a given temperature in entropy as a function of temperature, quite similar to first-order discontinuity, but there is no jump in the entropy. Similarly, second derivative quantities like specific heat and magnetic susceptibility also exhibit strong acute peaks similar to second-order phase transition divergence, but once again there is no singularity at this point. Correlation length also confirms this anomalous behavior at the same given temperature, showing a strong and sharp peak which easily one may confuse with a divergence. The temperature where this anomalous feature occurs we call the pseudocritical temperature. We have analyzed physical quantities, like correlation length, entropy, magnetization, specific heat, magnetic susceptibility, and distant pair correlation functions. Furthermore, we analyze the pseudocritical exponents that satisfy a class of universality previously identified in the literature for other one-dimensional models; these pseudocritical exponents are for correlation length ν=1, specific heat α=3, and magnetic susceptibility μ=3. © 2021 American Physical Society.
EXTERNAL MAGNETIC FIELD
LOW TEMPERATURE FEATURES
LOW TEMPERATURE REGIONS
PAIR CORRELATION FUNCTIONS
SECOND-ORDER PHASE TRANSITION
|The work was partly supported by the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation, Project No. FEUZ-2020-0054, and Brazilian agencies CNPq and FAPEMIG.
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