Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10995/102834
Title: Images of Sakhalin in the research legacy of B.O. Pilsudsky (based on materials of the Far-Eastern archives)
Образы Сахалина в наследии Б.О. Пилсудского (по материалам дальневосточных архивов)
Authors: Golovnev, I. A.
Golovneva, E. V.
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Tyumen Scientific Centre of Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Citation: Golovnev I. A. Images of Sakhalin in the research legacy of B.O. Pilsudsky (based on materials of the Far-Eastern archives) / I. A. Golovnev, E. V. Golovneva. — DOI 10.20874/2071-0437-2021-53-2-12 // Vestnik Archeologii, Antropologii i Etnografii. — 2021. — Vol. 2. — Iss. 53. — P. 129-137.
Abstract: In modern anthropology, researchers pay increasing attention to photographic data as a category of historical/ ethnographic documents. This article is based on visual and anthropological materials of Bronislaw Pilsudsky (1866-1918), a renowned researcher of Sakhalin ethnic groups, collected by the authors from the archives and museums in the Far East during the expedition in June - August 2019. The study is focused on Pilsudsky's photographic and manuscript collections on the ethnography of the Nivkhs reposited in holdings of the Sakhalin Regional Museum (Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk) and the Society for Research on the Amur Region (Vladivostok). Many of these photographic documents, being unique evidence of the evolution of the material and spiritual culture of the indigenous people of Sakhalin at the turn of the 19thand 20thcenturies, are introduced into the scientific discourse for the first time. The photographic materials are analyzed from the historical and anthropological perspectives, in conjunction with the published papers and archival manuscripts of the scientist (in particular, "Wants and needs of the Sakhalin Gilyaks"). Correlation of the textual and visual materials shows that B. Pilsudsky represented Sakhalin in a series of images: the island of native dwellers (traditional lifestyle of the Gilyaks) - the island of convicts (colonization of the territory, involuntary-settlement community) - the island of autonomies (cultural and economic zoning). In the course of his studies, B. Pilsudsky used concurrently textual description of the impressions and their photographic capture. The key feature of the scientific work of B. Pilsudsky of this period was the absence of a "metric" perspective - he photographed his characters in their natural habitat, in their daily routine. The conclusion is drawn on the archive photographs as multi-layered visual-anthropological documents on their time, which under a proper critical research perspective constitute valuable historical sources of scientific interest for studies in a wide range of the humanities. © 2021 Tyumen Scientific Centre of Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Keywords: BRONISLAV PILSUDSKY
NIVKHS
PHOTO-DOCUMENT
SAKHALIN
VISUAL ANTHROPOLOGY
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10995/102834
Access: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
SCOPUS ID: 85108429597
PURE ID: 22097461
9ac8ed35-dcca-4058-9785-d09a95035691
ISSN: 18117465
DOI: 10.20874/2071-0437-2021-53-2-12
metadata.dc.description.sponsorship: This work was supported by the Russian Foundation for the Humanities as part of project No 18-59-23007 “Visual anthropological research of Russian and Soviet frontier territories in the first half of the 20th century: Russian and Hungarian scholars and filmmakers”.
RSCF project card: 18-59-23007
Appears in Collections:Научные публикации, проиндексированные в SCOPUS и WoS CC

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