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|Title:||Linking economic growth, urbanization, and environmental degradation in China: What is the role of hydroelectricity consumption?|
|Authors:||Adebayo, T. S.|
Agboola, M. O.
Agyekum, E. B.
Kumar, N. M.
|Citation:||Linking economic growth, urbanization, and environmental degradation in China: What is the role of hydroelectricity consumption? / T. S. Adebayo, M. O. Agboola, H. Rjoub, et al. — DOI 10.3390/ijerph18136975 // International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. — 2021. — Vol. 18. — Iss. 13. — 6975.|
|Abstract:||Achieving environmental sustainability has become a global initiative whilst addressing climate change and its effects. Thus, this research re-assessed the EKC hypothesis in China and considered the effect of hydroelectricity use and urbanization, utilizing data from 1985 to 2019. The autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) bounds testing method was utilized to assess long-run coin-tegration, which is reinforced by a structural break. The outcome of the ARDL bounds test confirmed cointegration among the series. Furthermore, the ARDL revealed that both economic growth and urbanization trigger environmental degradation while hydroelectricity improves the quality of the environment. The outcome of the ARDL also validated the EKC hypothesis for China. In addi-tion, the study employed the novel gradual shift causality test to capture causal linkage among the series. The advantage of the gradual shift causality test is that it can capture gradual or smooth shifts and does not necessitate previous information of the number, form of structural break(s), or dates. The outcomes of the causality test revealed causal connections among the series of interest. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.|
|Appears in Collections:||Научные публикации, проиндексированные в SCOPUS и WoS CC|
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