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Title: Evolution of the Safety of Fast Neutron Reactors
Authors: Oshkanov, N. N.
Shcheklein, S. E.
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: IOP Publishing Ltd
Citation: Oshkanov N. N. Evolution of the Safety of Fast Neutron Reactors / N. N. Oshkanov, S. E. Shcheklein. — DOI 10.1088/1757-899X/972/1/012009 // IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. — 2020. — Vol. 972. — Iss. 1. — 012009.
Abstract: In its history, fast neutron reactors (BR) have gone through a long evolutionary period. However in general, BRs have gone the way of the evolutionary development. The function of retention radioactivity in case of an accident was performed by BRs safety vessels. For protection against external influences, new BR projects must be constructed containments. In the function of the reactor core cooling, changes have occurred related to the transition of the emergency cooling from the water circuit to the intermediate sodium circuit. Developments in emergency cooling systems are associated with the placement of an emergency heat exchanger inside the reactor, and the use of natural circulation in sodium and air. In the function on reactivity controlling due to the increase in core sizes, difficulties arise with the suppression of positive reactivity caused by sodium void reactivity effect. Therefore, in BR projects, the use of sodium plenum over the fuel part of the core and / or use of heterogeneous cores are needed. With an increase in the core sizes, the risk of jamming the long shifts of emergency rods increases. Therefore, it is advisable to transfer the safety rods to the hydraulic suspension in a sodium stream. © Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd.
Access: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
SCOPUS ID: 85097052879
PURE ID: 20226365
ISSN: 17578981
DOI: 10.1088/1757-899X/972/1/012009
metadata.dc.description.sponsorship: This work was supported in accordance with Act 211 of the Government of the Russian Federation, contract No. 02.A03.21.0006.
Appears in Collections:Научные публикации, проиндексированные в SCOPUS и WoS CC

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