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Title: Self-consistent linear response for the spin-orbit interaction related properties
Authors: Solovyev, I. V.
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: American Physical Society
Citation: Solovyev I. V. Self-consistent linear response for the spin-orbit interaction related properties / I. V. Solovyev. — DOI 10.1103/PhysRevB.90.024417 // Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. — 2014. — Vol. 90. — Iss. 2. — 024417.
Abstract: In many cases, the relativistic spin-orbit (SO) interaction can be regarded as a small perturbation to the electronic structure of solids and treated using regular perturbation theory. The major obstacle on this route comes from the fact that the SO interaction can also polarize the electron system and produce some additional contributions to the perturbation theory expansion, which arise from the electron-electron interactions in the same order of the SO coupling. In electronic structure calculations, it may even lead to the necessity of abandoning the perturbation theory and returning to the original self-consistent solution of Kohn-Sham-like equations with the effective potential v̂, incorporating simultaneously the effects of the electron-electron interactions and the SO coupling, even though the latter is small. In this work, we present the theory of self-consistent linear response (SCLR), which allows us to get rid of numerical self-consistency and formulate the last step fully analytically in the first order of the SO coupling. This strategy is applied to the unrestricted Hartree-Fock solution of an effective Hubbard-type model, derived from the first-principles electronic structure calculations in the basis of Wannier functions for the magnetically active states. We show that by using v̂, obtained in SCLR, one can successfully reproduce results of ordinary self-consistent calculations for the orbital magnetization and other properties, which emerge in the first order of the SO coupling. Particularly, SCLR appears to be an extremely useful approach for calculations of antisymmetric Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya (DM) interactions based on the magnetic force theorem, where only by using the total perturbation one can make a reliable estimate for the DM parameters. Furthermore, due to the powerful 2n+1 theorem, the SCLR theory allows us to obtain the total energy change up to the third order of the SO coupling, which can be used in calculations of magnetic anisotropy of compounds with low crystal symmetry. The fruitfulness of this approach for the analysis of complex magnetic structures is illustrated in a number of examples, including the quantitative description of the spin canting in YTiO3 and LaMnO3, formation of the spin-spiral order in BiFeO3, and the magnetic inversion symmetry breaking in BiMnO3, which gives rise to both ferroelectric activity and DM interactions, responsible for the ferromagnetism. In all these cases, the use of SCLR tremendously reduces the computational efforts related to the search for noncollinear magnetic structures in the ground state. © 2014 American Physical Society.
Access: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
SCOPUS ID: 84905016872
PURE ID: 422685
ISSN: 10980121
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.90.024417
Appears in Collections:Научные публикации, проиндексированные в SCOPUS и WoS CC

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