Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10995/102122
Title: Defect levels and hyperfine constants of hydrogen in beryllium oxide from hybrid-functional calculations and muonium spectroscopy
Authors: Marinopoulos, A. G.
Vilão, R. C.
Vieira, R. B. L.
Alberto, H. V.
Gil, J. M.
Yakushev, M. V.
Scheuermann, R.
Goko, T.
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Taylor and Francis Ltd.
Citation: Defect levels and hyperfine constants of hydrogen in beryllium oxide from hybrid-functional calculations and muonium spectroscopy / A. G. Marinopoulos, R. C. Vilão, R. B. L. Vieira, et al. — DOI 10.1080/14786435.2017.1328133 // Philosophical Magazine. — 2017. — Vol. 97. — Iss. 24. — P. 2108-2128.
Abstract: The atomistic and electronic structures of isolated hydrogen states in BeO were studied by ab initio calculations and muonium spectroscopy ((Formula presented.) SR). Whereas standard density-functional theory with a semi-local GGA functional led to a detailed probing of all possible minimum-energy configurations of hydrogen further calculations with the hybrid HSE06 functional provided improved properties avoiding band-gap and self-interaction errors. Similarly to earlier findings for the other wide-gap alkaline-earth oxide, MgO, hydrogen in BeO is also predicted to be an amphoteric defect with the pinning level, E((Formula presented.)), positioned in the mid-gap region. Both donor and acceptor levels were found too deep in the gap to allow for hydrogen to act as a source of free carriers. Whereas, hydrogen in its positively-charged state, (Formula presented.), adopts exclusively hydroxide-bond OH configurations, (Formula presented.) and (Formula presented.) instead show a preference to occupy cage-like interstitial sites in the lattice. (Formula presented.) in particular displays a multitude of minimum-energy configurations: its lowest-energy ground state resembles closely a trapped-atom state with a nearly spherical spin-density profile. In contrast to the strongly ionic MgO, (Formula presented.) in BeO was further found to stabilise in additional higher-energy elongated-bond OH configurations whose existence should be traced to a partial covalent character of the Be–O bonding. Calculations of the proton-electron hyperfine coupling for all (Formula presented.) states showed that the ground-state interstitial (Formula presented.) configuration is dominated by an isotropic hyperfine interaction with a magnitude very close to the vacuum value, a finding corroborated by the (Formula presented.) SR-spectroscopy data. © 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.
Keywords: AB INITIO CALCULATIONS
HYDROGEN
HYPERFINE CONSTANTS
MUONIUM
OXIDES
ALKALINE EARTH METALS
CALCULATIONS
CHEMICAL BONDS
ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE
ENERGY GAP
GROUND STATE
HYDROGEN
OXIDES
AB INITIO CALCULATIONS
ALKALINE EARTH OXIDES
COVALENT CHARACTER
HYPERFINE CONSTANTS
HYPERFINE INTERACTIONS
MINIMUM ENERGY CONFIGURATION
MUONIUM
SELF-INTERACTION ERROR
DENSITY FUNCTIONAL THEORY
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10995/102122
Access: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
SCOPUS ID: 85019206610
PURE ID: 1971359
417fe4a5-099c-449c-9398-1cdbdccabd79
ISSN: 14786435
DOI: 10.1080/14786435.2017.1328133
Appears in Collections:Научные публикации, проиндексированные в SCOPUS и WoS CC

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