Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10995/102107
Title: Superexchange theory of electronic polarization driven by relativistic spin-orbit interaction at half filling
Authors: Solovyev, I. V.
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: American Physical Society
Citation: Solovyev I. V. Superexchange theory of electronic polarization driven by relativistic spin-orbit interaction at half filling / I. V. Solovyev. — DOI 10.1103/PhysRevB.95.214406 // Physical Review B. — 2017. — Vol. 95. — Iss. 21. — 214406.
Abstract: By applying Berry-phase theory for the effective half-filled Hubbard model, we derive an analytical expression for the electronic polarization driven by the relativistic spin-orbit (SO) coupling. The model itself is constructed in the Wannier basis, using the input from first-principles electronic structure calculations in the local-density approximation, and then treated in the spirit of the superexchange theory. The obtained polarization has the following form: Pij=ϵjiPij·[ei×ej], where ϵji is the direction of the bond (ij), ei and ej are the directions of spins in this bond, and Pij is the pseudovector containing all the information about the crystallographic symmetry of the considered system. The expression describes the ferroelectric activity in various magnets with noncollinear but otherwise nonpolar magnetic structures, which would yield no polarization without SO interaction, including the magnetoelectric (ME) effect, caused by the ferromagnetic canting of spins in magnetic field, and spin-spiral multiferroics. The abilities of this theory are demonstrated for the analysis of linear ME effect in Cr2O3 and BiFeO3, and the properties of multiferroics MnWO4, β-MnO2, CuFeO2, and MnI2. In all considered examples, the theory perfectly describes the symmetry properties of the induced polarization. However, in some cases, the values of this polarization are underestimated, suggesting that other effects, besides the spin and electronic ones, can also play an important role. © 2017 American Physical Society.
Keywords: BISMUTH COMPOUNDS
CALCULATIONS
CHROMIUM COMPOUNDS
CRYSTALLOGRAPHY
ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE
IRON COMPOUNDS
LOCAL DENSITY APPROXIMATION
MANGANESE OXIDE
POLARIZATION
ANALYTICAL EXPRESSIONS
CRYSTALLOGRAPHIC SYMMETRY
ELECTRONIC POLARIZATION
FIRST PRINCIPLES ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE
INDUCED POLARIZATION
SPIN ORBIT INTERACTIONS
SPIN-ORBIT COUPLINGS
THEORY OF ELECTRONICS
TUNGSTEN COMPOUNDS
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10995/102107
Access: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
SCOPUS ID: 85023635694
PURE ID: 1925080
ISSN: 24699950
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.95.214406
Appears in Collections:Научные публикации, проиндексированные в SCOPUS и WoS CC

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