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Title: The World at 7:00: Comparing the Experience of Situations Across 20 Countries
Authors: Guillaume, E.
Baranski, E.
Todd, E.
Bastian, B.
Bronin, I.
Ivanova, C.
Cheng, J. T.
de Kock, F. S.
Denissen, J. J. A.
Gallardo-Pujol, D.
Halama, P.
Han, G. Q.
Bae, J.
Moon, J.
Hong, R. Y.
Hřebíčková, M.
Graf, S.
Izdebski, P.
Lundmann, L.
Penke, L.
Perugini, M.
Costantini, G.
Rauthmann, J.
Ziegler, M.
Realo, A.
Elme, L.
Sato, T.
Kawamoto, S.
Szarota, P.
Tracy, J. L.
van Aken, M. A. G.
Yang, Y.
Funder, D. C.
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Citation: The World at 7:00: Comparing the Experience of Situations Across 20 Countries / E. Guillaume, E. Baranski, E. Todd, et al. — DOI 10.1111/jopy.12176 // Journal of Personality. — 2016. — Vol. 84. — Iss. 4. — P. 493-509.
Abstract: The purpose of this research is to quantitatively compare everyday situational experience around the world. Local collaborators recruited 5,447 members of college communities in 20 countries, who provided data via a Web site in 14 languages. Using the 89 items of the Riverside Situational Q-sort (RSQ), participants described the situation they experienced the previous evening at 7:00 p.m. Correlations among the average situational profiles of each country ranged from r =.73 to r =.95; the typical situation was described as largely pleasant. Most similar were the United States/Canada; least similar were South Korea/Denmark. Japan had the most homogenous situational experience; South Korea, the least. The 15 RSQ items varying the most across countries described relatively negative aspects of situational experience; the 15 least varying items were more positive. Further analyses correlated RSQ items with national scores on six value dimensions, the Big Five traits, economic output, and population. Individualism, Neuroticism, Openness, and Gross Domestic Product yielded more significant correlations than expected by chance. Psychological research traditionally has paid more attention to the assessment of persons than of situations, a discrepancy that extends to cross-cultural psychology. The present study demonstrates how cultures vary in situational experience in psychologically meaningful ways. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Access: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
SCOPUS ID: 85027956783
PURE ID: 1026255
ISSN: 223506
DOI: 10.1111/jopy.12176
Appears in Collections:Научные публикации, проиндексированные в SCOPUS и WoS CC

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