Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10995/101872
Title: Paraorbital ground state of the trivalent Ni ion in LiNiO2 from DFT+DMFT calculations
Authors: Korotin, D. M.
Novoselov, D.
Anisimov, V. I.
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: American Physical Society
Citation: Korotin D. M. Paraorbital ground state of the trivalent Ni ion in LiNiO2 from DFT+DMFT calculations / D. M. Korotin, D. Novoselov, V. I. Anisimov. — DOI 10.1103/PhysRevB.99.045106 // Physical Review B. — 2019. — Vol. 99. — Iss. 4. — 045106.
Abstract: In LiNiO2, the Ni3+ ion has a d7 configuration in a cubic crystal field with one electron on doubly degenerate eg orbitals, and such an ion is considered to be Jahn-Teller (JT) active. However, despite the fact that this compound is an insulator, and hence d-electrons are localized, a cooperative JT lattice distortion was not observed. This problem was usually supposed to be resolved by the presence of local JT distortions that do not order in a cooperative JT distorted crystal structure. In the present work, the DFT+DMFT approach, combining density functional theory with dynamical mean-field theory, was applied to study the electronic and magnetic properties of LiNiO2. In the result, an insulating solution with a small energy gap value was obtained in agreement with experimental data. However, in contrast to previous calculations by other methods, the symmetry was not broken and the calculated ground state is a thermodynamical mixture of αd7+βd8L (α≈60%,β≈40%) ionic states. The d8L state is JT inactive, and we have found that for the nickel d7 state two configurations with an electron on the Ni dx2-y2 or d3z2-r2 orbital have equal statistical weights. So the orbital degeneracy of the Ni3+ ion is not lifted, and that explains the absence of the cooperative JT lattice distortion in this compound. Also, the temperature dependence of inverse magnetic susceptibility of LiNiO2 has been calculated, and a good agreement with experimental data was obtained. © 2019 American Physical Society.
Keywords: CRYSTAL STRUCTURE
DENSITY FUNCTIONAL THEORY
GROUND STATE
IONS
LITHIUM COMPOUNDS
MAGNETIC SUSCEPTIBILITY
MEAN FIELD THEORY
NICKEL
TEMPERATURE DISTRIBUTION
DYNAMICAL MEAN-FIELD THEORY
ELECTRONIC AND MAGNETIC PROPERTIES
INVERSE MAGNETIC SUSCEPTIBILITY
LATTICE DISTORTIONS
ORBITAL DEGENERACY
STATISTICAL WEIGHT
TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE
THERMODYNAMICAL
FLUORINE COMPOUNDS
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10995/101872
Access: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
SCOPUS ID: 85059917945
PURE ID: 8553114
ISSN: 24699950
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.99.045106
Appears in Collections:Научные публикации, проиндексированные в SCOPUS и WoS CC

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