Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10995/101780
Title: Microscopic origin of ferromagnetism in the trihalides CrCl3 and CrI3
Authors: Besbes, O.
Nikolaev, S.
Meskini, N.
Solovyev, I.
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: American Physical Society
Citation: Microscopic origin of ferromagnetism in the trihalides CrCl3 and CrI3 / O. Besbes, S. Nikolaev, N. Meskini, et al. — DOI 10.1103/PhysRevB.99.104432 // Physical Review B. — 2019. — Vol. 99. — Iss. 10. — 104432.
Abstract: Microscopic origin of the ferromagnetic (FM) exchange coupling in two Cr trihalides, CrCl3 and CrI3, their common aspects and differences, are investigated on the basis of density functional theory combined with realistic modeling approach for the analysis of interatomic exchange interactions. For these purposes, we perform a comparative study based on the pseudopotential and linear muffin-tin orbital methods by treating the effects of electron exchange and correlation in generalized gradient approximation (GGA) and local spin density approximation (LSDA), respectively. The results of ordinary band structure calculations are used in order to construct the minimal tight-binding type models describing the behavior of the magnetic Cr 3d and ligand p bands in the basis of localized Wannier functions, and evaluate the effective exchange coupling (Jeff) between two Cr sublattices employing four different technique: (i) brute force total energy calculations; (ii) the second-order Green's function perturbation theory for infinitesimal spin rotations of the LSDA (GGA) potential at the Cr sites; (iii) enforcement of the magnetic force theorem in order to treat both Cr and ligand spins on a localized footing; and (iv) constrained total-energy calculations with an external field, treated in the framework of self-consistent linear response theory. We argue that the ligand states play crucial role in the ferromagnetism of Cr trihalides, though their contribution to Jeff strongly depends on additional assumptions, which are traced back to the fundamentals of adiabatic spin dynamics. Particularly, by neglecting the ligand spins in the Green's function method, Jeff can easily become antiferromagnetic, while by treating them as localized, one can severely overestimate the FM coupling. The best considered approach is based on the constraint method, where the ligand states are allowed to relax in response to each instantaneous reorientation of the Cr spins, controlled by a constraining field. Furthermore, the differences of the electronic structure of Cr trihalides in GGA and LSDA, and their impact on the exchange coupling are discussed in details, as well as the possible roles played by the on-site Coulomb repulsion U. © 2019 American Physical Society.
Keywords: BINDING SITES
CHLORINE COMPOUNDS
CHROMIUM COMPOUNDS
DENSITY FUNCTIONAL THEORY
ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE
EXCHANGE COUPLING
FERROMAGNETISM
LIGANDS
PERTURBATION TECHNIQUES
SPIN DYNAMICS
BAND STRUCTURE CALCULATION
EFFECTIVE EXCHANGE COUPLINGS
GENERALIZED GRADIENT APPROXIMATIONS
INTERATOMIC EXCHANGE INTERACTIONS
LINEAR MUFFIN-TIN ORBITAL METHOD
LINEAR-RESPONSE THEORY
LOCAL SPIN DENSITY APPROXIMATION
TOTAL ENERGY CALCULATION
IODINE COMPOUNDS
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10995/101780
Access: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
SCOPUS ID: 85064122895
PURE ID: 9311737
9e32c43e-9597-423d-b758-b5ffc9a02bfd
ISSN: 24699950
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.99.104432
Appears in Collections:Научные публикации, проиндексированные в SCOPUS и WoS CC

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