Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10995/101447
Title: Sustainability of transport system of large Russian city in the period of COVID-19: Methods and results of assessment
Authors: Petrov, A. I.
Petrova, D. A.
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: MDPI AG
Citation: Petrov A. I. Sustainability of transport system of large Russian city in the period of COVID-19: Methods and results of assessment / A. I. Petrov, D. A. Petrova. — DOI 10.3390/su12187644 // Sustainability (Switzerland). — 2020. — Vol. 12. — Iss. 18. — 7644.
Abstract: In spring 2020 the whole world went through the "black swan"-COVID-19 pandemic. The healthcare systems of all countries and the world economy, in general, became very stressed. The extraordinary decline of activity in all spheres, except healthcare, led to a drop in the demand for transport services, including city public transport. It was important for city management to support the sustainability of the local transport system. The article presents fundamental approaches to assessing the sustainability of a transport service, particularly city passenger public transport (CPPT), for the example of the large Russian city Tyumen (size of population-nearly 807 thousand people). Methods of analysis of the sustainability of the transport process in conditions of negative environmental impact (COVID-19 pandemic) are considered. During the period from 30.03.2020 to 31.05.2020 (nine weeks-the acute phase of COVID-19 pandemic) structural sustainability of the CPPT system in Tyumen kept a high level. By changing the parameters of the planned characteristics of the CPPT system state, an attempt to adapt the transport service supply to a sharp decrease in transport demand was made. In the period of "self-isolation", the demand for the CPPT transport service reduced more than the transport service supply. Sustainability of CPPT functioning was evaluated by calculating the elasticity of the transport supply (number of trips) in relation to the actual demand (actual volume of transportations). Calculation of the elasticity index of the CPPT system of Tyumen during nine weeks of April-May 2020 (duration of "self-isolation") is provided. A conclusion was made from the results of the research. In particular, it was found that the foreground target function of city management was the maintenance of a high level of transportation processes to the detriment of the transportations' effectiveness. Such a policy led to contradictory results-the additional financial expenses at the rate of 135-150 million rubles and quite a high level of contentment of the Tyumen population with the quality of the CPPT work (sociological research established that 80-85% of respondents were satisfied with the quality of the transport service in April-May 2020). © 2020 by the authors.
Keywords: CITY PASSENGER PUBLIC TRANSPORT (CPPT)
COVID-19 PANDEMIC
DYNAMICS OF SUSTAINABILITY
ELASTICITY INDEX
QUANTITATIVE ASSESSMENT
SUSTAINABILITY OF TRANSPORT PROCESS
DEMAND ANALYSIS
ECONOMIC CONDITIONS
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT
EPIDEMIC
HEALTH CARE
MANAGEMENT PRACTICE
PUBLIC TRANSPORT
SUSTAINABILITY
TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM
VIRAL DISEASE
RUSSIAN FEDERATION
TYUMEN
CYGNUS ATRATUS
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10995/101447
Access: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
SCOPUS ID: 85091172605
PURE ID: 13912174
89c2b9e6-5bff-4e67-ab2c-1ed2178b521e
ISSN: 20711050
DOI: 10.3390/su12187644
metadata.dc.description.sponsorship: This research was funded by Russian Ministry of Education and Science through grant No. 0825-2020-0014, 2020-2022.
Appears in Collections:Научные публикации, проиндексированные в SCOPUS и WoS CC

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