Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10995/3660
Title: Плебейский трибунат в изображении Цицерона
Other Titles: The plebeian tribunate in Сicero
Authors: Павлов, А. А.
Pavlov, A. A.
Issue Date: 2003
Publisher: Изд-во Урал. гос. ун-та
Citation: Павлов А. А. Плебейский трибунат в изображении Цицерона / А. А. Павлов // Исседон - ΙΣΣΕΔΩΝ: Альманах по древней истории и культуре. — Екатеринбург : Изд-во Урал. гос. ун-та, 2003. — Т. 2. — С. 124-142.
Pavlov A. A. The plebeian tribunate in Сicero / A. A. Pavlov // Issedon - ΙΣΣΕΔΩΝ: Almanac of Ancient History and Culture. — Ekaterinburg: The Ural State University Press, 2003. — Vol. 2. — P. 124-142.
Abstract: Cicero is one of the earliest and fully remained Roman authors, who gives us the capability of complex source study and statistical analysis of tribunatus institute in epoch of the Roman Republic crisis and Cicero’s attitude to it. The analysis of Cicero’s point of view also allows to reveal its influence on the subsequent Roman tradition. Cicero keeps on expressing his attitude to tribunate already in his early works (de inv. II.52; in Verr. I.15 sq.; II.5, 143, 163; etc.). His position is defined in full in dialogues De re publica (II.57 sqq.) and De legibus (III.19–26). The Cicero’s estimation of tribunate oscillates between acquitting of institute as the constituent of the constitutional equilibrium and verdict to it, as to revolutionary entity. In dialogue De re publica tribunate appears as the spokesman of will of the populus (plebs) and its libertas and, as the opposition to excessive consuls authority. As to the last function, it appears at the end (Leg. III.15 sqq.), as tool of precluding to the excessive authority of a separate magistrate in arms of optimate government. The conclusion of reasoning in dialogue De legibus is the statement, that tribunate isn’t only negative, but also useful, because it allows to constrain cruelty of the plebs. Thus, in Cicero’s reasoning different times features of tribunate are merged dichotomically; however in light of his own days, a conservative function of tribunate directed to preservation of authority boni, instead of the libertas plebis, is the main for him. The appendix gives a statistical analysis of the Cicero’s use of the terms tribunus plebis and tribunatus, as well as some connected with them, which allows to develop conclusions of the source study analysis. In our countings, there are 331 mentions of the term tribunus pl., and 95 tribunatus (pl). We find them from the first work (De inv.) up to the last one (Phil. XIV), which demonstrates the importance of the institute in the political life of this period, and in the life of Cicero himself. The most of mentions is in speeches—218 and 58 accordingly. The greatest number of mentions (in years) is in the 63rd—44 (3), in 57th—40 (9), 56th—50 (24), 54th—37 (10). From the years 63rd to 43rd the mentions become annual. As to his works, the maximum number of mentions is in speech Leg. agr. I–III—34 (1) De domo suo—27 (8), Pro Sestio—39 (21). The third on rate is the term potestas tribunicia—17. However, it is mostly associated with negative concepts (vis, furor, terror, latrocinium, crudelitas, adventus, mucro), which indicates the negative relation of the author to the tribunate.
Keywords: ИСТОРИЯ
АНТИЧНОСТЬ
АНТИЧНЫЙ МИР
ДРЕВНИЙ МИР (ИСТОРИЯ)
ИСТОРИЯ АНТИЧНОГО МИРА
ИСТОРИЯ АНТИЧНОСТИ
ИСТОРИЯ ДРЕВНЕГО МИРА
АНТИЧНАЯ ЛИТЕРАТУРА
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10995/3660
http://elar.urfu.ru/handle/10995/3660
ISSN: 1683-7037
Origin: Исседон - ΙΣΣΕΔΩΝ: Альманах по древней истории и культуре. 2003. Т. 2.
Issedon - ΙΣΣΕΔΩΝ: Almanac of Ancient History and Culture. 2003. Vol. 2.
Appears in Collections:Исседон : Альманах по древней истории и культуре

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