Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10995/111754
Title: Optimism and Fear of Infection as Predictors of Observing Stay-at-home Recommendations During COVID-19 Pandemic
Other Titles: Оптимизм и страх заражения как предикторы следования рекомендациям оставаться дома во время пандемии Covid-19
Authors: Sychev, O. A.
Gordeeva, T. O.
Vindeker, O. S.
Dovger, M. A.
Titova Grandchamp, V. A.
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education
Federal State-Financed Educational Institution of Higher Education Moscow State University of Psychology and Education
Citation: Optimism and Fear of Infection as Predictors of Observing Stay-at-home Recommendations During COVID-19 Pandemic [Оптимизм и страх заражения как предикторы следования рекомендациям оставаться дома во время пандемии Covid-19 ] / O. A. Sychev, T. O. Gordeeva, O. S. Vindeker et al. // Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy. — 2021. — Vol. 29. — Iss. 3. — P. 24-44.
Abstract: According to COVID-19 research, the introduction of a self-isolation and quarantine regime is an effective measure to contain the pandemic. The article examines the problem of psychological factors of observing stay-at-home recommendations, among which the main attention is paid to two types of optimism in a pandemic situation: constructive optimism and defensive optimism. It was assumed that they would have the opposite effect on adherence to the self-isolation regime, and the negative effect of defensive optimism would be mediated by a decrease in illness anxiety or fear of infection. To test this hypothesis, a longitudinal study (with an interval of six weeks) was carried out in a sample of 306 students (89% of women) using a life orientation test, the scales of constructive and defensive optimism by Gordeeva et al., and anxiety in a pandemic situation questionnaire by Tkhostov and Rasskazova. The results confirm our hypotheses: people who adhere to the stay-at-home recommendations are characterized by a higher level of constructive optimism, i.e. they believe that their efforts will help prevent infection and spread of the virus. In contrast, people who demonstrate unrealistic or defensive optimism, that is, who believe that the issue of coronavirus is exaggerated, fear infection less and admit that they do not strictly adhere to the requirements of self-isolation. These results indicate that, in addition to dispositional optimism, situation specific constructive and defensive optimism are essential in explaining health behavior, with the latter type of optimism serving as a response to anxiety associated with fear of the disease and its consequences. © 2021 Moscow State University of Psychology and Education. All Rights Reserved.
Keywords: ADHERENCE TO RECOMMENDATIONS TO STAY AT HOME
ANXIETY
FEAR OF INFECTION
OPTIMISM
PANDEMIC OF COVID-19
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10995/111754
Access: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
SCOPUS ID: 85119927845
PURE ID: 29063510
ISSN: 2075-3470
metadata.dc.description.sponsorship: Funding. The reported study was funded by Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR), project number 20-04-60174.
Appears in Collections:Научные публикации, проиндексированные в SCOPUS и WoS CC

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