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Title: Natural disasters in the history of the eastern Turk empire
Authors: Ganiev, R. T.
Kukarskih, V. V.
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Springer International Publishing
Citation: Ganiev R. T. Natural disasters in the history of the eastern Turk empire / R. T. Ganiev, V. V. Kukarskih // Socio-Environmental Dynamics Along the Historical Silk Road. — 2019. — P. 177-193.
Abstract: This article analyzes the effect of climate extremes on the historical processes that took place (AD 536, 581, 601, 626 and 679) in the Eastern Turk Empire (AD 534–745) in Inner Asia. Climate extremes are sharp, strong and sometimes protracted periods of cooling and drought caused by volcanic eruptions that in this case resulted in a negative effect on the economy of a nomadic society and were often accompanied by famine and illness. In fact, many of these natural catastrophes coincided with the Black Death pandemics among the Eastern Turks and the Chinese living in the north of China. The Turk Empire can be split into several chronological periods during which significant events that led to changes in the course of history of the nomadic state took place: AD 534–545—the rise of the Turk Empire; AD 581–583—the division of the Turk Empire into theWestern and the Eastern Empires; AD 601–603—the rise of Qimin Qaghan; AD 627–630—the Eastern Turks are conquered by China; AD 679–687—the second rise of the Eastern Turk Empire. The research shows that there is clearly-discernable interplay between important historical events and climate extremes in the history of the Turk Empire. This interplay has led us to the conclusion that the climatic factor did have an impact on the historical processes that took place in the eastern part of Inner Asia, especially on the territories with a nomadic economy. © The Author(s) 2019.
Keywords: CHINA
metadata.dc.rights: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
SCOPUS ID: 85064366670
PURE ID: 9300895
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-00728-7_8
Appears in Collections:Научные публикации, проиндексированные в SCOPUS и WoS CC

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